What Is Obstructive Sleep Apnea?
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common problem that affects a person’s breathing during sleep. A person with OSA has times during sleep when air cannot flow normally into the lungs. The block in airflow (obstruction) is usually caused by the collapse of the soft tissues in the back of the throat (upper airway) and tongue during sleep.
It is characterized by pauses in breathing or periods of shallow breathing during sleep. Each pause can last for a few seconds to several minutes and they happen many times a night, accompanied by oxygen saturation reduction and frequent awakenings. Obstructive Sleep Apnea exists in infants, adults and elderly people. The estimated frequency of OSA in the adult population is 4% of women and 9% of men.
COMMON SYMPTOMS DURING SLEEP:
- Snoring, often loud
- Gasping or choking sounds
- Breathing pauses observed by someone else
- Wake up feeling not refreshed, even after sleeping many hours
- Morning headache
- Dry or sore throat in the morning
- Sleepiness, fatigue or tiredness during the day
- Personality changes, such as mood swings and difficulty getting along with others
- Problems with poor memory or inability to concentrate, especially learning and attention problems of children
Can OSA be dangerous?
SLEEP APNEA CAN CAUSE:
- Falling asleep while driving, resulting in car and work accidents
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- Weight gain
- Ischemic heart disease
How is sleep apnea diagnosed by Medisleep?
MEDISLEEP USES THE MOST ADVANCED HOME MONITORING DEVICES FOR SLEEP APNEA DIAGNOSIS.
HOME SLEEP STUDY IS HIGHLY PROFESSIONAL AND VERY FRIENDLY
One of our skilled technicians attaches the device to the patient at his home before bed time.
The next morning the patient takes the device off and we collect it.
Our doctors analyze the study and prepare a comprehensive detailed medical report with the diagnosis and treatment recommendations. We send this report to the patient and/or his doctor.
How is obstructive sleep apnea treated?
Sleep apnea can be effectively treated in two main ways. The type of treatment recommended will depend on the reason for and severity of the sleep apnea.
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) is a common device ordered to treat most OSA conditions. CPAP is a small compressor that blows air into a mask which is worn snugly over the nose and/or mouth during sleep. The flow of air supports to keep the upper airway from collapsing. This helps prevent obstruction and the apnea. The air pressure is adjusted to a setting that best controls the apnea. Often a person will also notice much less snoring when wearing CPAP.
Oral devices are appliances that are attached in the mouth during sleep to keep the airway open. Most oral devices act by either bringing the jaw forward or keeping the tongue from blocking the throat. Oral appliances are most likely to help a person who has mild or moderate sleep apnea. These devices are custom-made and fitted under the supervision of a specialized dentist.
According to the advised treatment we invite the patient either to our dentist for fitting an oral device or to our CPAP specialist for this treatment.
- Many potential OSA patients (4-9% of adult population)
- Serious medical consequences: hypertension, ischemic heart disease, stroke